جنسیت و تفاوت گفتمان: بررسی نشانه های گفتمانی در مکالمات روزمره سخنوران زن و مرد فارسی زبان

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای زبان شناسی کاربردی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تبریز

2 دانشجوی دکتری رشته تکنولوژی آموزشی و چندرسانه ای ، دانشگاه یو اس ام مالزی

چکیده

The present study is an attempt to investigate Persian men-women

discourse in cross-gender interactions by focusing on the type, frequency of occurrence and function(s) of discourse markers in oral discourse. The qualitative and quantitative methods are employed to identify DMs and to specify their functions as they occur in Persian language. The particular dialect spoken by people living in Tehran, the capital of Iran, is the focus of investigation. Brinton’s (1996) binary classification is adopted as a theoretical framework in defining the functions Persian DMs have at the interpersonal and textual levels. Altogether 34 types of Persian DMs are identified and their functions are specified in this study among which na/na  baba  (no)  occupies  the  top  rank  in  the  frequency  list.  Another reading  of  the  data  pertains  to  the  number  and  proportion  of  DMs employed by Persian male-female speakers. As it is inferred, the ratio of discourse markers in the women’s discourse is higher than the men’s (138 vs. 116) which accounts for the female speakers’ inclination to employ discourse markers  as  helpful  devices  in  fulfilling their  communicative needs. Although the disharmony is observed in the number of discourse markers  in  two  gender  groups,  the  results  of  the  Chi-square  test

(p=0.157>0.5) indicates that it is not statistically significant. In terms of discourse markers usage for the textual/interpersonal purposes, the qualitative and quantitative analyses yield significant gender differences. The results of the Chi-square test shows P=0.02

کلیدواژه‌ها