بایزید بسطامی و مشرب عرفانی او

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی داشگاه ارومیه

2 داشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رشته ی زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

Baized  Bastami  has  always  been  considered  as  one of  the loftiest
summits of mysticism theophany. The belief in oneness and uniqueness of God is the basis of his mysticism school and love has a special place in his mysticism. To reach maturity in love, he empties himself of his very sense of self and approaches The Beloved. Later on this mystic love dooms him to  annihilation.  In  a  way  that  from  the  lover  nothing  remains  and everything is The Beloved. This is the reason behind “Sobhani ma aazama shaani”. It can be said that Bayazid’s mystic conduct revolves around theology. This route takes him to God through the vehicle of endearment and attachment. His view of mystic conduct, especially about theology and understanding is particularly surprising. He sees nothing, wants nothing and seeks nothing except for God in this world, as well as the next. To him the  whole  universe  means  God.  The  present  paper  studies  the  mystic school of  Bayazid  Bastami and  tries  to show his special place in Islamic mysticism.

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