نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
استادیار گروه زبانوادبیات فارسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خرم آباد
Formalists consider literary works without concentration of
ersonality,spiritual,and beliefs of writer.According to them, a litrary work is an absolute form.Therefore, in confronting to a literary work, form is important,and not meaning.They believe that the literary world is different from the real world,and it is not expected to gain knowledge from literary works. According to formalists, literary feats is worth to criticize because of their clear language, syntax, and artistic methods. The poems of Hafez which is a high example of eloquence,the delicacy of the poetic style and sentences, the miracle of speech, and the kinds of ambiguity
,obscurity,symmetry, paradox, and the rules of phonetics, meaning, and even spiritual matters,is one of the suitable texts to criticize according to formalists.
In this paper, the writer criticizes a lyric poem of this poet from the view of formalists.