نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
دانشیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه الزهرا(س)
کارشناس ارشد رشته زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه الزهرا(س)
Type and modality of ‘description’ has always had significance and
special manifestation in the poetry of different periods of Persian Literature, so that study and analysis of descriptions is highly instrumental in stylistic trends of literary works. In contemporary poetry also analysis of descriptions in many cases demonstrates norm –breaking and innovative approaches of poets, in consequence of their regarding affairs from a novel viewpoint.
Due to significance of descriptions and their sublime position in literary works it is necessary to investigate these works in this regard. The present study firstly seeks to investigate types of description in Forough Farrokhzad’s poetry on the basis of some definitions in Arabic language and literature, and also the tropes the poet has practiced in this regard such as simile and personification as the most frequent ones. Secondly, epithets are analyzed in terms of grammatical concerns. These epithets are categorized according to Dr. Ali-mohamad Haghshenas’ Persian grammar and treatment of each epithet considering their grammatical structures is examined statistically.