تحلیل ساختاری داستان کوتاه «آداب سفر» از دیدگاه بارت و گرماس (از مجموعه داستان «طعم باروت»)

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای زبان و ادبیات فاری دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی قزوین

2 استادیار دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی قزوین

3 استادیار دانشگاه بین المللی قزوین

چکیده

The short story of ‘Adab-e Safar’ is one of the most influential stories
of the story collection of ‘Tam-e Baroot’. This work, on account of its narrative style, symbolic atmosphere and the fact that it reflects the conflicting thoughts of a woman who is not protected from the social damage of the war, is capable of being reviewed in perspective of contemporary literary theories, such as structuralism. This article, along with a general look into the narrative elements of ‘Adab-e Safar’, will analyze its structure from the view of Barthes’s codes concept. These codes   consist   of   proairetic,   hermeneutic,   connotative,   cultural   or referential, symbolic and semantic codes. In proairetic codes, the axioms of Greimas and its three principles, i.e. performative, convergent and divergent; are exploited. This articles, based on the theories of Barthes and Greimas, presents clear proofs that the sort stories of the Holy War are technically and structurally qualified. The method used for this research is descriptive analytical one, and through note taking from various tomes the instances are analyzed in the story.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها