نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی
The song literally means wisdom and fresh originated from Avestan
root “Teoroneh.” This word is a general term referred to the types or forms of poetry and music, especially, quatrains and “fahlaviat”. According to the ancient origins of the song, the most ancient Persian poetry is found in this genre. Composed by Zoroaster which is recorded in the "GATT", songs are considered as the first of Iranians literary glimmer. The present study is a descriptive analysis of songs by focusing on the definition of speech, rhymes and features that songwriter applied in the constitution epoch of Iran. This paper reviews music, language and theme which can be found in songs of that period. In the eighth and ninth centuries AH the term ballad was used interchangeably with lyrics and song while it was referred as composing the music. Later, the term song was referred to words in music and singing. Song, of the tenth century onwards, refers to the poem accompanied with music containing prosodic weight and sometimes it has, more or less, rhyme. One of its most striking features of song is its aptitude of being composed. Song has been frequently consistent with prosodic lyrics until Safavid period. Song in its modern form is a reward or product of Constitutional Revolution in Iran. It has a simple and intimate language and its themes are usually popular, folk and emotional.