تحلیل انسجام و هماهنگی اسجامی در شهری کوتاه از شاملو

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سنندج

2 دانش آموخته دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

According to Halliday& R.Hassan, semantic cohesion is defined as "a
semantic concept" and refers to the semantic relationships between the elements of a text.The understanding of some textual elements can be facilitatedbased on the functions of these relationships. One element presupposes the other and this means that the second element cannot be understood without the first one. Therefore, the relationships between the textual elements lead to the cohesion and consistence of the text. Classifying the cohesive elements, this paper is conducted to analyze one of Shamloo`s poems by using Halliday& Hassan`s theory of cohesion and cohesive  harmony.  And  finally,  the  elements  are  investigated  which consist each cohesive chain. The results show that this poem is cohesive and its grammatical cohesion is more than its lexical cohesion. The majority of  instances  of  grammatical  cohesion  are  related  to  personal reference. Applying this theory, we can measure the degree of cohesion in all the poems by Shamloo and any other poet.

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