تحلیل و بررسی اهداف حافظ از بکارگیری عوامل طبیعی در شعر

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه کردستان

چکیده

Pursuing objective is one of the causes behind composing poems, thus
poets usually exploit different methods of expressions and diverse factors and tools for accessing the objectives. Touching sensible objects in the universe and explaining them by using expression methods, Hafez as a great poet also has his own objectives. This study aims at investigating the objectives for expressing the natural factors in Hafez lyrics. Hence, first, a concise definition of poetry and imagery is introduced which is followed by referring to important points concerning images in Hafez's poetry and his use of nature for creation these images. Then, objectives and intentions behind expressing natural factors in Hafez lyrics would be studied. This research investigates the reasons for using natural factors as rhetoric methods of expression like simile and metaphor to present and express indirectly and implicitly different moral, mystical, educational, social, and philosophical subjects. This study aims at revealing Hafez's art and his elegance as well as hidden corners of his thoughts. This research will be conducted base on descriptive method one data would be collected in the library.

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